The other Indian religions like Buddhism; Jainism had some influence among the Hindus and was found scattered with their migration to Kerala. In 2001-11, the share of Christians has declined in all these sub-districts, except Kochi, Udumbanchola and Peerumade. Their share in North Kerala in this period registered a corresponding rise, as seen in the Table below; and, their share in the whole of Kerala kept rising up to 1961.Muslims have also gained by 7 percentage pointsThe decline of Christians in South Kerala is to be attributed partly to the higher growth of Muslims. A significant portion of the Indian Christian population resides in the state. Population Of India. Read more about this topic:  Kerala, Demographics, “The main business of religions is to purify, control, and restrain that excessive and exclusive taste for well-being which men acquire in times of equality.”—Alexis de Tocqueville (1805–1859), “Those who believe in their truth—the only ones whose imprint is retained by the memory of men—leave the earth behind them strewn with corpses. The share of Christians in the population of this region had reached a peak of 45.7 percent in 1931. Indian population religion wise 2019 - State wise. That is zero growth. Kerala has three main religions: Hinduism (56%), Islam (25%) and Christianity (19%). Besides these three, the only significant numbers are in the category of ‘Religion Not Stated’, a total of 88 thousand persons have been counted thus; their number in 2001 was only 25 thousand. Muslims at that time formed nearly 30 percent of the population. Kerala; Palakkad Religion Census 2011; ... As per official census 2011 and population data 2021 of Palakkad district, Hindu are majority in Palakkad state. During 2001-11, Muslims in Kerala have grown by 12.8 percent, while Hindus have grown by 2.2 and Christians by 1.4 percent. They had a share of 13.8 percent at the beginning of the century in 1901; it reached 21.2 percent in 1961, marking a rise of more than 7 percentage points in six decades. Notwithstanding the fact that they equal others in these parameters, and their absolute rate of growth is fairly low, the gap between their growth and that of others remains very wide. Hindus constitute 54.9 per cent of the total population in Kerala, Muslims 26.6 per cent and Christians 18.4 per cent, it said. After 1941, the share of Christians in this region began to decline and has fallen to 28.2 percent in 2011.The rise in their share is mitigated by their migration to NorthInitially, this decline in the share of Christians was partly due to the migration of Christians, especially Syrian Christians, from South Kerala to the hill areas of North Kerala to set up farms and plantations in the forests there. All Rights Reserved. We indicated there that the pyramids for both Hindus and Christians have a narrow base and wider cohorts in the higher age groups. As per available data, nearly 69% of Kerala population followed Indic religions, predominantly Hinduism in 1901. Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of the most religiously diverse states in India. Religion of tribal population in Wayanad, Kerala, India. In the northern Kasargod sub-district, their share has risen from 44.55 to 48.15 percent. Muslims now form a commanding majority of 70.2 percent in Malappuram of North Kerala; they are in a majority in all sub-districts of this district and have a presence of more than 40 percent in several adjoining sub-districts.11. On the other hand, of 60.6 lakh Christians in the State, 52.9 lakh are in South Kerala and only 8.5 lakh are in North Kerala. For the mainstream religious community of a region to suffer such a loss in a little more than a century is indeed an alarming historical occurrence. Adivasis belong to the Hindu fold, but their rituals and customs are a little different from that of the usually practised ones in the town area. to 240 B.C. According to the 2001 census, 56% of the population of Kerala is Hindus, 24% are Muslims and 19% are Christians. Then came in the Islamic faith and Christianity with its various sects. Kerala has six major cities: Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam, Thrissur and Kannur. In this area, which extends into the high Muslim presence region of coastal Karnataka in the north, the growth of Muslims has been extraordinarily high; in the single decade of 2001-11, the share of Muslims in Kasargod district has gone up from 34.31 to 37.24 percent. With the rise in the share of both Muslims and Christians, the share of Indian Religionists has undergone a decline of nearly 14 percentage points, from 68.9 percent in 1901 to 55.0 percent in 2011. Of 88.9 lakh Muslims in Kerala, 28.9 lakh are in Malappuram. The rest of the Hindu castes, including those in the list of Other Backward Class (OBC), are minority communities. Hindu are minority in Malappuram state forming 27.60% of total population. Yet, the number of children of age 0-6 years per hundred of population is 14.4 for Muslims as compared to 8.9 for both Hindus and Christians. Christian Population in Kerala is 61.41 Lakhs (18.38 percent) of total 3.34 Crore. Assume that rest of all the religions has only replacement rate of fertility. Other Muslims, Christians, and some Hindu castes such as the Namboothiris and the Ezhavas followed makkathayam, a patrilineal system. While both Christians and Muslims have improved their share in different parts of Kerala in the course of the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first, Indian Religionists have continued to yield demographic space throughout this period. Swarajya - a big tent for liberal right of centre discourse that reaches out, engages and caters to the new India. They follow primitive forms of … In 1951, they had a share of 54.3 percent, which was only 2 percentage points above their share of 52.3 percent in 1911. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. Share of Christians in Kerala now is 18.4 percent.4. Kerala—like Assam, West Bengal, Purnia and Santhal Pargana region of Bihar and Jharkhand, parts of Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Mewat of Haryana and Rajasthan, and many of the States in the northeast—has seen a drastic change in its religious demography in the Census period, beginning from 1901. The share of Christians in the State at 18.4% is the highest outside the northeast; about 22 percent of all Christians in the country are in Kerala. In the longer term, however, both Christians and Muslims have significantly increased their share in Kerala at the cost of Indian Religionists, nearly all of who are Hindus. As seen in the Table here, Muslims have always been growing faster than the Hindus and Christians since 1951. In 2011 there were total 190894 families residing in Wayanad district. In South Kerala, Christians form 28.2 percent of the population and Muslims have a share of 13.3 percent. Kerala, thus, proves that imbalance in growth of different communities does not disappear with rising literacy and lowering growth rates, as is fondly believed by many. Kerala Population by Religion. As with Christianity and Judaism, Islam first arrived in India in Kerala via merchants. At present it is around 1.2 among Christians as against 1.4 among Hindus and 2.1 among Muslims. Kerala's religious population presents a cultural backdrop of various religions living together with peace and harmony. Islam and Judaism arrived in Kerala through Arab traders. Later we shall see that though there was a significant presence of Christians and Muslims in Kerala already in 1901, there has been a large accretion to the share of the former in the pre-Independence period and to that of the latter in the six decades since 1951. Copyright: Swarajya. In Kochi, there has been a marginal rise in their share. In the first half of the century, in fact up to 1961, the share of Christians in the population kept rising consistently from decade to decade. Of this, 12 percentage points have been added after 1951.Christians have added 4.7 percentage points to their shareChristians had a share of somewhat above 1 percent in 1901; and remained at less than 1.5 percent up to 1941. The rise in their share of the population in southern and northern regions during this period has been much more precipitous than what is indicated by the rise in their aggregate shares in the whole of Kerala, as we see below.Growth of Christianity and Islam in South KeralaChristians form 28 percent of the population of South Kerala, In 1901, about a quarter of the population of South Kerala was Christian; their share reached near 32 percent in 1941. Indian religionists are now reduced to a near minority in North Kerala, while they retain a somewhat better share of 58.5 percent in South Kerala.6. State Wise Population of India.Population of India By Religion.This Post Will Share Comparison Of Population Of India 2017 and Population Of India 2018 and Population Of India 2019 along with Total population … Saint Thomas Christians include Syro-Malabar Catholic, Syro-Malankara Catholic, Malankara Orthodox, Jacobite and Marthoma. Muslim Population in Kerala is 88.73 Lakhs (26.56 percent) of total 3.34 Crore. Out of which 401684 are males while 415736 are females. Total population of Malappuram district is 4,112,920 as per census 2011. The latter include: Kottayam and Changanaserry of Kottayam district, Udumbanchola, Thodupuzha and Peerumadeof Idukki; Thiruvalla and Ranni of Pathanamthitta and Aluva, Kochi, Muvattupuzha and Kothamangalam of Ernakulam. During 2001-11, Hindus and Christians have recorded decadal growth of 2.23 and 1.38 percent respectively, while the Muslims have grown by 12.84 percent. P Mohanachandran Nair, professor and head of department of demography , University of Kerala says child population in the state also follow this trend. Since 1951, Muslims have gained by 12 percentage points, and Christians by more than 2 percentage points. Religious Demography of Kerala Population of Kerala in 2011 is 3.34 crores. But the consistently high rise after 1961 is related, in large part, to their relatively higher growth. It includes data on Religion, Persuasions, Rural, Urban, Scheduled Tribes Population during Census 1991. By 2011, Hindus made up only 55% of Kerala’s population. After 1941, their share began rising and it reached up to 6.4 percent in 1981; this was because of the migration of Christians from South Kerala as we have mentioned above; the share of Christians in South Kerala began to decline from then onwards. The concentration of Christians in this region has been somewhat moderated because of their large-scale migration from this region to the hilly forested parts of North Kerala, from around 1931. They form 70 percent of the population of this district, and are in a majority in each of its six sub-districts.Malappuram was carved out as a separate district in 1969 from Kozhikode and Palakkad and taking some parts of Thrissur. The data shows an interesting pattern. Kerala Hindus (ARUN SANKAR/AFP/Getty Images). … The major Muslim organisations are Sunni, Mujahid and Jama'at-e-Islami. Christians, meanwhile, have lost about 3 percentage points from their share; they formed 21.2 percent of the population in 1961, their share in 2011 is 18.4 percent. Indian population religion wise 2019 list with state wise Census of India Hindu population, Muslim population,Sikh,Christian,Buddhist and Jainism.. The most common Hindu castes are Dalit, Ezhava, Thiyya, Arayan, Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri. There was a sudden spurt in the decadal rate of growth of Muslims during 1961-71. As per official census 2011 and population data 2020 of Malappuram district, Muslim are majority in Malappuram state. In the following, we look at this longer-term picture is some detail. The difference in the birth rate among different communities must show up in the overall state population composition. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 million (0.4%) are Jain. The example of Kerala shows that the stage of advance in these and similar parameters has little effect upon the gap in growth of different communities and upon the evolving demographic imbalance between them.The longer term growth of both Christians and MuslimsWe have so far looked at the higher growth of Muslims during the last decade and in the relatively recent period of the previous few decades. List of all Talukas in Wayanad District of Kerala. By the mid-seventh century Buddhism declined. After 1961, it was the turn of Muslims to rise. In comparison with the rest of India, Kerala experiences relatively little sectarianism. In South Kerala, the share of Muslims has grown from less than 7 percent in 1901 to 13.3 percent in 2011; it was only 9.5 percent in 1951.Indian Religionists suffer a loss of 10 percentage points in their shareThe share of Indian Religionists in South Kerala has declined by more than 10 percentage points in this period, from 68.7 percent in 1901 to 58.5 percent in 2011.Growth of Christianity and Islam in North Kerala. They have thus lost nearly 14 percentage points from their share in the 11 decades since 1901. Buddhism was dominant at the time of Ashoka the Great but vanished by the 8th century CE. The major Hindu castes are Ezhavas, Nairs, Nambudiri and Dalits. Cioran (b. 1911), “Politics at all times lead to bloody wars, and not only politics, but also religions as well as social and economic systems of all times are spattered with blood. Buddhism is believed to have reached Kerala between 270 B.C. Of the total population of 3,34,06,061 in the State, the number of Hindus is 1,82,82,492, while the Muslim population is pegged at 88,73,472 and Christians 61,41,269. Their share had remained nearly stable between 17 and 18 percent till then; in the next five decades it has risen by nearly 9 percentage points to reach 26.6 percent in 2011. The decline of 1.2 percentage points that they have experienced during the last decade is comparable to the quantum of decline they have experienced in every decade since 1921; in the first two decades of that century, the decline was higher, at about 2 percentage points per decade.Distribution and Growth of Muslims and Christians in different regions of KeralaKerala is historically divided into two distinct regions: North Kerala, known as Malabar, comprising the current districts of Kasargod, Kannur, Wayanad, Malappuram and Palakkad; and, South Kerala, generally known as Travancore-Cochin and comprising Thrissur, Ernakulam, Idukki, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram districts. In 2011, the share of Muslims in this district is 70.2 percent, marking an accretion of 16 percentage points in the six decades since Independence. The growth of Muslims has thus been nearly 6 times that of Hindus and more than 9 times that of Christians. Of 61.4 lakh Christians in Kerala, 25.9 lakhs are in Kottayam-Idukki-Ernakurlam region. Widening gap between the growth of Muslims and OthersThe most remarkable feature of the Religion Data of Census 2011 for Kerala is the extraordinarily wide gap between the growth of Muslims and others. As you are no doubt aware, Swarajya is a media product that is directly dependent on support from its readers in the form of subscriptions. with lowest Population: Hindus: 1,82,82,492: 54.73: Thiruvananthapuram: Malappuram: Muslims: 88,73,472: 26.56: Malappuram: Pathanamthitta: Christians: 61,41,269: 18.38: Ernakulam: Malappuram The religion data of 2001-11 indicates that the process of the demographic marginalisation of the Hindus in this state has not yet stopped and is likely to continue unabated for the next several decades. Kerala thus is proof that decline in the growth rates of population because of various factors of development does not by itself lead to restoration of the imbalance of growth between different communities; in fact, it may worsen the imbalance.9. Hinduism is the most dominant religion with 56% Kerala Hindus in the state. Invariably the big ones devoured the little ones, and the little ones the tiny ones.”—Friedrich Dürrenmatt (1921–1990), Citizens Charter in Local Governments in Kerala, List of Institutions of Higher Education in Kerala. Of these, 1.83 crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, and 61.4 lakh Christians. After 1981, the share of Christians in North Kerala also began declining; now it has come down to 5.8 percent from its peak of 6.4 percent in 1981.And Indian Religionists have lost by more than 18 percentage pointsIn the course of the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first, the share of Christians in North Kerala has risen by 4.7 and that of Muslims by 13.8 percentage points. Hinduism constitutes 66.76% of Palakkad population. Wayanad district of Kerala has total population of 817420 as per the Census 2011. The catalog contains data related to other religions and persuasions wise population, census 1991 - India and States. We do not have the muscle and backing of a large media conglomerate nor are we playing for the large advertisement sweep-stake. Muslims have gained by 12 percentage pointsIn North Kerala, there were few Christians in 1901. Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors. These low work participation rates of women and high number of children percent of the population among Muslims seem related to the internal dynamics of the community rather than to any external parameters. Over a third of Keralites live in these large cities (a higher percentage than any other state), and over half the population lives in urban centres. Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. The rise of in the share of Muslims in 1941-51 was probably because of the out-migration of Christians. Conversion of South Kerala to Christianity happened even later, in the course of the nineteenth century when Travancore and Cochin States came under British control and benignly allowed the spread of English education and Christianity in their domains.But both Christianity and Islam have expanded considerably during the twentieth century. ... Factors Determining Morbidity in Kerala Foreign Trade Pattern of Nepal: Gravity Model Approach Modeling Indian Wheat and Rice Sector Policies As per 2011 census Kerala population religion wise, Hinduism is with 54.7%, followed by Muslim with 26.5% and Christianity with 18.3%. According to 2001 Census of India figures, 56.2% of Kerala's residents are Hindus, 24.7% are Muslims, 19% are Christians, and the remaining 1.1% follows other religions. However in 2015, Hindus contributed 42.87 per cent to child births, Muslims 41.5 per cent and Christians 15.42 per cent. Hindu are minority in Malappuram state forming 27.60% of total population. But the decline has been far slower than that of the other communities subjected to similar influences of education, modernity and prosperity. The share of Muslims in the State at 26.6 percent is the fourth largest in the country after Jammu & Kashmir (68.3%), Assam (34.2%) and West Bengal (27.0%), if we do not count the tiny Union Territory of Lakshadweep, where Muslims form 96.6 percent of the population. Consequently, the gap between the growth of Muslims and others has been widening.7. Indian Religionists have continued to decline throughout this periodIndian Religionists have continued to lose their share of the population throughout this period; they had a share of 68.9 percent in 1901, they form only 55.0 percent now. In addition they have a near majority in the northernmost sub-district of Kasargod. The share of Muslims has grown in both parts and Indian Religionists have lost in both. Haryana is on the other end of the scale from Kerala in terms of demographic ‘advance’ as indicated by parameters like female literacy and children percent of population. Indian Religionists have correspondingly lost 18.4 percentage points from their share in the population of North Kerala. 18% of Kerala was Muslim and 20% followed Christianity. However, the decline of the latter has been more pronounced in North Kerala, where their share has fallen from 69.1 percent in 1901 to 50.7 percent in 2011. Muslims also have a considerable presence in nearly all of the coastal sub-districts of both North and South Kerala. Of the loss of 14 percentage points suffered by the Indian Religionists, 9.6 percentage points have accrued to the Muslims and 4.3 to the Christians. Becoming a Patron or a subscriber for as little as Rs 999/year is the best way you can support our efforts. It is wider than, say, in Haryana, where growth rates are high and literacy levels are low. This gap is likely to remain rather wide even after the population of Kerala stops growing or even begins to decline, which is likely to happen by the next decade.The gap in growth between Muslims and others in Kerala is wider than in HaryanaIn an earlier post (XIV: Age Pyramids), we have given the age-pyramids of Muslims, Hindus and Christians in Kerala and several other States including Haryana. It began declining after that. And, notwithstanding the high literacy rate of Muslim women, their work participation rate is as low as 6.76 percent. This migration began from around 1931, but became significantly large after 1941, leading to a considerable decline in the share of Christians during 1941-51. From 7AM in the morning to 10PM late night we operate to ensure you, the reader, get to see what is just right. Unlike the other parts of India in this category, both Christians and Muslims have substantially improved their share in Kerala since 1901.3. Muslims of Kerala, generally referred to as Moplahs, mostly follow the Shafi'i Madh'hab under Sunni Islam. Apart from the three major religions, there is a small population of Jains, Sikhs and Buddhists in Kerala. The numbers under RNS have increased considerably in all districts of Kerala, but their largest concentration in 2011 is in Thiruvananthapuram; fully one-quarter of the RNS have been counted in this district, and of these, more than 13 thousand are in the capital city. Islam is the second largest religion in India with approximately 172 million adherents, or over 14% of the population. It is worth remarking that more than three-quarters of this loss in the share of Indian Religionists has happened in the period following Independence.Regions of the highest Muslim ConcentrationMalappuram is the heartland of MuslimsAs seen in the Map of the share of Muslims and Christians in Kerala below, Malappuram in North Kerala forms the heartland of Muslims. with highest Population: Dist. According to 2001 Census of India figures, 56.2% of Kerala's residents are Hindus, 24.7% are Muslims, 19% are Christians, and the remaining 1.1% follows other religions. Kerala has 26.6% Muslims. Indian Religionists in this region have a somewhat better share of 58.5 percent. Kerala is one of the several parts of India, including Assam, West Bengal, Purnia and Santhal Pargana region of Bihar and Jharkhand, parts of Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Mewat of Haryana and Rajasthan, and many of the States in the northeast, whose religious demography has undergone a drastic change in the course of the twentieth century.2. But the gap between their growth and that of the other two major communities has been consistently widening. In Udumbanchola and Peerumade of Idukki, there has been a substantial accretion of 1.30 and 2.58 percentage points, respectively, to the share of Christians. Owing to the former matrilineal system, women in Kerala enjoy a high social status. Therefore, the share of both Muslims and Christians has risen in the district while that of Hindus has declined. Muslims have a high presence along the whole western coast up to Goa.12. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. According to the 1991 census, 57.38% of the population of Kerala are Hindus, 23.33 Muslims, and 19.32 Christians. A significant Jewish community existed in Kerala until the 20th century, when most of them migrated to Israel. Most of the tribal population here are hindus and the main deities they worship are the Thampuratthy and Vettakkorumakan. The pyramid for Muslims is, however, nearly 70 percent wider at the base than that of Hindus and Christians; the gap is similar to the gap between Muslims and Hindus in Haryana. The Paradesi Synagogue at Kochi is the oldest synagogue in the Commonwealth. Of these, 1.83 crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, and 61.4 lakh Christians. High presence of both Muslims and ChristiansThe religious demography of Kerala is marked by high presence of both Muslims and Christians. During 2001-11, Muslims have grown by 12.8 percent, while Hindus have grown by only 2.2 and Christians by 1.4 percent. But they also have a share of more than 40 percent in the adjoining sub-districts of Palakkad, Wayanad and Kozhikode districts. During 2001-11, there has been some decline in their growth, but the decadal growth rate of Hindus and Christians has dropped precipitously, leaving a very wide gap between the Muslims and others.The growth gap is not related to literacy or urbanisation. Muslims are concentrated in North and Christians in South KeralaOf the total of 88.7 lakh Muslims in the State in 2011, 63.8 lakh are in North Kerala and only about 25 lakh in South Kerala. Share Tweet Share Pin itThe If We See the list of religions in India Basically The Majority of Population of India is Given Below, As you can see in the above table the The Population of India religion wise , Here you can see and understand What is the percent of population is Hinduism as well as Muslim population in India ,Jainism is the least Populated Religion in India where as Hindu is most populated followed by … And in challenging times like these, we need your support now more than ever. 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